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全球教席“云课堂”——Sean Cooney:数字技术与劳动:最新发展

全球教席“云课堂”40讲
 
详细信息:
 
题目: 数字技术与劳动:最新发展(Digital Technologies and Work: Recent Developments
 
时间:2021年11月16日(周二)15:10-17:00
 
腾讯会议ID:441 420 661
 
开讲学者:
Sean Cooney(前澳大利亚墨尔本大学法学院副院长、法学教授)
 
主持人:
阎  天(北京大学法学院助理教授)
 
开讲学者简介:
  Sean Cooney 是前澳大利亚墨尔本大学法学院副院长、法学教授,其研究领域涉及国际法、以亚洲为重点的比较劳动法和雇佣法。他致力于研究提高国际劳动标准的新方法,参与研究中国劳动法改革、澳大利亚劳工法的执行以及评估亚太地区国家法律变革影响的多个项目,并曾于美国、中国和澳大利亚的法律期刊上发表多篇学术文章。他于 2014 至 2016 年间作为专家在日内瓦国际劳工组织(ILO)劳动法与改革部门任职,为中国、印度、马来西亚、缅甸、巴基斯坦、越南等国政府提供建议,他目前仍为国际劳工组织提供咨询。他拥有墨尔本大学学士学位、哥伦比亚大学博士学位,并有劳动法和行政法领域的律师执业经历。
 
Professor Sean Cooney is the former Associate Dean of Law School, University of Melbourne. Professor Cooney's research interests concern international and comparative labour and employment law, with a focus on Asia. He has worked on new approaches to improving international working standards, including on collaborative projects on understanding Chinese labour law reform, enforcement in Australia, and assessing the effect of legal change in several Asia-Pacific countries. He has published articles in major refereed law journals in the United States, China and Australia. Between 2014 and 2016, Sean served as a Legal Specialist in the Labour Law and Reform Unit at the International Labour Organization (ILO) in Geneva, where he provided advice to governments in countries such as China, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pakistan and Vietnam. He continues to consult for the ILO. He studied at the University of Melbourne and obtained his doctoral degree from Columbia University and also spent several years as a lawyer practicing mainly in the areas of employment and administrative law.
 
讲座摘要:
  在新冠疫情肆虐的背景下,雇佣法的一些问题成为当下的燃眉之急。本次讲座将围绕两个涉及工作安全的重要问题展开,将重点集中讲述澳大利亚雇佣法,同时也会对其他国家的雇佣法进行适当参考和介绍。
  第一个问题是居家办公的兴起。开讲学者居住的城市墨尔本是世界上封锁时间最长的城市之一(长达262天),许多人都因此不得不选择居家办公。这便关系到雇佣者为雇员提供安全居家工作条件的责任问题,包括工作设备、工作时间,甚至包括员工的居家环境等等。如此,工作与家庭生活、雇佣者管理与雇员个人隐私之间的界限变得模糊不清。
  第二个问题则有关疫苗接种。澳大利亚州政府曾就疫苗接种做出过强制性规定:拒绝接种者将被禁止参加许多类型的工作,如高校内工作、餐饮行业等。尽管大多数民众都自愿接种了,但仍存在很多人拒绝接种疫苗(约占工作人口的5-10%),而这在很多情况下是互联网上误导性信息传播的结果。这便引发了一个问题:将拒绝接种疫苗的雇员开除是否合法?目前为止,答案似乎是肯定的,拒接疫苗者基于不公平解雇与歧视的抗辩未能成功。
 
This lecture will discuss issues of employment law that have become more pressing as a result of the Covid 19 pandemic. Both concern work safety, in a broad sense. I will focus on Australian employment law, but make some reference to other countries.
The first issue is the rise of working from home. The city in which I live, Melbourne, has had one of the longest lockdowns in the world (262 days over six periods). It has therefore been necessary for many people to work from home. This has raised questions about employer responsibility for safe working practices at home, ranging from equipment, to working time, and even the personal domestic environment. The division between work and home life, and between employer control and privacy has become blurred.
The second issue concerns vaccination. Australian state governments have issued very strong vaccine mandates – persons who refuse vaccination are not permitted to attend a very wide range of workplaces, including, for example, universities and restaurants. While the overwhelming majority of people have been willingly vaccinated, some people have refused. In many cases, this has been because of misinformation spread on-line. Around 5-10% of the working population falls into this category. Questions arise about whether such people can be lawfully dismissed. It would seem so far that the answer is yes, with unfair dismissal and discrimination arguments made by “anti-vaxxers” failing.
 
讲座海报: